Fikih Zakat for Fikih Zakat achievement on SDGs is an effort to build the relation between zakat as one of philanthropy resources and SDGs. Zakat as an instrument for economy distribution aims to alleviate poverty and to advance the economy. As for SDGs, it’s a mutual agreement of the global community to build a world free from poverty, live with fairness, prosperity, and dignity, also work together. An ideal society that is coveted, will hopefully can be realized through the 17 goals of SDGs along with the target and indicator in 2030. The relation mentioned above is two-way; Zakat as an instrument which supports SDGs and the practice of SDGs paradigm in management of zakat.
SGDs is a product of thinking based on people experiences in actualizing a prosperous and peaceful world. In Islamic law, seeking for religion sources to actualize the purpose of sharia is called ijtihad and Fiqih is one of the products. It means, the effort to intertwined SDGs with Islam, particularly with Zakat as one of the Islamic teachings, is at the level of Fiqih. The scholars have reviewed on what is the aim of sharia which is summarized in 5 ultimate goals, i.e.; to protect religion, the sense, the soul, the offspring, and wealth. If we review and examine them, the goals that has been summarized in SDGs also can be classified in one of the 5 goals.
Fikih Zakat on SDGs is very crucial considering the amount of zakat potential to play a role and contribute to support SDGs achievement in Indonesia. The majority of people in Indonesia is a Muslim with high awareness to do Zakat. The potential of zakat in Indonesia is also quite big (estimated 200 trillion rupiah) even though the realization of organized zakat has just reached 5,6 trillion rupiah in a year. To develop the potential of zakat, the government particularly built a non-structural institution called Badan Amil Zakat Nasional (BAZNAS) which is given the authority to manage zakat nationally. The government also encourage and facilitate the community involvement in zakat management through Lembaga Amil Zakat (LAZIS)
As a part of philanthropy institution in Indonesia. BAZIS (Badan Amil Zakat, Infaq, dan Sedekah) and LAZIS (Lembaga Amil Zakat Infaq dan Sedekah) can contribute to SDGs achievement through the development of various programs that has been done. Zakat can be an alternative resource in supporting SDGs achievement by putting forward inclusive approach and strategic program, long-term oriented, and sustainable. Meanwhile, SDGs can be used as a measuring instrument and a guide for empowerment programs conducted by various zakat management institution.
Zakat and SDGs can be synergized because the two of them have the same purpose. From the 17 point of SDGs, zakat mostly focuses on 12 issues which are poverty eradication, elimination of hunger, healthy and prosperous life, improving the quality of education, gender equality, clean water and proper sanitation, renewable energy, economic growth, reduce the economic gap, responsible production and consumption, peace and justice, as well as cooperation or partnership. However, to discuss about zakat in SDGs context not only to discuss about the contribution of zakat to SDGs success but also about how to build initiative as well as management platform on zakat movement in poverty alleviation and society service in SDGs framework. So, in the future, hopefully the zakat movement can be seen as an alternative in solving social problem globally.
Considering the importance of the role and position of Fiqih to optimize zakat contribution for SDGs achievement in Indonesia, BAZNAS (Badan Amil Zakat Nasional) and Filantropi Indonesia will hold a launch event and Fiqih Zakat on SDGs book discussion. The book is one of our endeavor to optimize raising, managing and empowering zakat in Indonesia by linking and directing it with the SDGs as mutually agreed global objectives.
Stay tune for our next information in regards to the launch and the discussion on Fiqih Zakat on SDGs book. For further information, please contact: firstname.lastname@example.org